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Portfolio Managemt Strategies | Types | And A Comparision

Whether it is a mutual fund or personal investment.  At last portfolio is a portfolio. No difference. Without strategic portfolio management, it’s very difficult to achieve the target. Investment into different asset classes like equity, debt, gold and cash will give the returns of different percentages and at different time periods. So, there is a need to manage, the balance between different asset classes. That’ where a strategic portfolio management plays a vital role.


STRATEGIES

Active Strategy

An active portfolio management strategy focuses on outperforming the related specific benchmark index that comprises of the assets in the portfolio. Either an individual investor /a broker /a mutual fund, the strategy remains same. Just outperforming the specific related Benchmark Index.

Suppose you might have come across the news that, BSE Midcap Index has fallen by 12% since the beginning of 2018. And’ all the Midcap Mutual Fund Schemes have fell lower than their respective benchmarks. But, Axis Midcap Scheme shown positive return of 0.74% from Jan’18 to June’18.

How it Works

Let’s better to explain with an example.

An investor  Mr. Gentleman aged 40 years has invested his savings of Rs. 10,00,000 in different asset classes as follows.

 

Initial

Asset Allocation

Amount Active

Asset Allocation

Amount
Equity

Debt

Gold

Cash

4,00,000

2,00,000

3,00,000

1,00,000

Equity

Debt

Gold

Cash

2,50,000

3,50,000

3,50,000

50,000

After allocating the total amount to gain under different classes, there was a signal of equity market down-trend. Then, to save his corpus, he planned to reduce the amount of equity exposure. So, he reduced the equity amount from 4  lakh rupees (40%) to 2.5 lakhs (25%). And, to safeguard his return, he transferred that amount to debt and Gold.

Here, the investor /portfolio manager has applied the active portfolio management strategy by timing the markets. And, trnsformed the existing portfolio to the new strategic portfolio comprised of same asset classes but with different asset allocation percentages. Sometimes, the strtegic portfolio management brings in new asset classes by the investors /portfolio managers, which they expected to be the best future performers.

After a year, his expectation got true and market had underperformed by 40%. That has similar effect on his equity investment. So he lost  Rs. Rs. 1,00,000 in equity and  instead of Rs. 1,60,000 if he might have invested Rs. 4,00,000. So, more exposer to the debt and gold has earned him more money in the form of interest and gold price appreciation. That’s how the strategic portfolio has saved him from big equity loss and earned extra money.

For each strategy there is always a second side of possibility. Let’s consider the scenario that markets moved forward and up by

 

FED Rate Hike And Its Effect on Global Markets

US bonds are believed to be the safest debt instruments in the world. If there is a hike in the interest rate there, that will definitely affect the global markets in proportion. Here, markets mean not only the bond markets, but also include currency, derivative and equity.


What is ‘FED Rate Hike’

Us Fed plays the similar role in the US, as that of the Reserve Bank of India in India. The US Monetary Policy is determined and decided by a committee called ‘The Federal Open Market Committee’. The committee-meet has so much global importance that, investors, analysts and policy makers, unanimously cross their fingers and wait for the result. That’s the impact of FED rate has on Global Markets.

Queries Details
Headquarters

Established

Chair

It’s a Central bank of

Currency

Reserve requirements

Bank rate

Interest rate target

Interest on reserves

Interest paid on excess reserves?

Eccles Building, Washington, D.C., U.S

December 23, 1913 (104 years ago)

Janet Yellen

United States

United States dollar
USD (ISO 4217)

0 to 10%

0.6% to 1.50%

1.25% to 1.50%

1.25%

Yes

US, being the world’s biggest economy, Federal Reserve of US and its actions has the capacity to stir the Global Markets. The dollar being the world’s reserve currency, decides the value of other world currencies against its value. FED rate hike /cut has the power to control its value in global markets.
US Fed Rate Hike – means, Federal Bank of US is willing to provide the banks of US with the hiked interest rates, for their lending and borrowing activities. Which, in turn, leads to hiked /increased interest rates on bonds, saving deposits, loans etc.

Due to rise in interest rates in the US, the value of Dollar becomes increased, making it more attractive to the investors, in comparison with others currencies, including Rupee.

 

What is FITL /Funded Interest Term Loan And WCTL /Working Capiatl Term-Loan

Due to the burden of non-performing assets and debt problems, companies may fail to perform well, irrespective of their best performance track record. In-order to tackle this problem and provide the companies, a breathing space, RBI has bought a fixing tool called a ‘Funded Interest Term-Loan’ (FITL).


At times, when businesses feel the need for extra capital to run the day-to-day operations of the business (Working Capital), RBI has facilitated a provision called WCTL / Working Capital Term_Loan. Under this provision, RBI guided the Banks and Financial Institutions, to extend a relief /concession to potentially sick SSI Units (Small Scale Industries), under a rehabilitation program. Companies mostly utilize this facility to avail the extra capital, based on the opportunities /threats present in the market.

Working capital is a money, that is used to fund the short-term (usually less than a year) operations of a firm. This is the capital that’s generally rotated to generate earnings. The other areas of employment of the working capital include, the purchase of the necessary inventory and receivables financing.

The Working Capital can be classified as CAPEX (Capital Expenditure) and OPEX (Oerating Expenditure). CAPEX covers long-term fixed assets, whereas the OPEX covers the capital required to run the day-to-day operations of the business. Both CAPEX and OPEX is catered by the WCTL.

The working capital finance is available in both Indian as well as foreign currencies.

The WCTL can be categorized into funding facilities and non-funding facilities.

Under funding facilities, banks /financial institutions provide the direct funding and the necessary assistance to purchase the assets and /to meet the business expenses.

The non – funding facility is an indirect help provided by the banks and financial institutions to the companies. Under this facility, banks issue companies, a letter of credit (LC) /guarantee to their suppliers /customers (Government /Non-Government) for procurement of goods and services on credit.

Stock Shots

Lakshmi Energy and Foods Ltd. Q4 results reveal that an amount of Rs. 924,53 Cr., has been paid towards the interest of FITL and WCTL. The time given to payback, is 8 years, which is usually not more than 5 years. Approved by the IEC under RBI guidelines, hopefully the company is utilizing the funds successfully. The overall annual income from operations has grown by Rs.10.67 Cr. Which is not reflected in the overall profit due to the payment of Rs. 924.53 Cr towards interest costs of FITL and WCTL. So, we have to consider it as an effective employment of funds acquired, for its progress.  Hopefully the next quarter will be far better than this and so as our returns.

Technically the chart is bullish. Stay invested.

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Hedging With Derivatives | An Advanced Stock Investment Strategy

This article is of little use to those investors who are expert derivative traders and know, how to use hedging for their portfolio against market risk. But, of utmost know to factor to the investors, who are away from the derivative segment and are likely to know about. Let’s read.


What is Hedging and Who is a Hedger

A strategic trading strategy in the derivative market, to protect the value of equity portfolio against price fluctuations is called hedging. When there is an uncertainty in the price movement of any stock, stock investors can hedge the price of a stock from a fall, by participating in the derivatives market. And, such investor is then called to be a Hedger.

Hedging is nothing, but securing the price of a stock by speculating market movement. In other words, it’s an advanced equity investment strategy, where the equity investments are protected in the market fall /fall in the price of a stock scenario. Hedging gives a sort of ‘peace of mind’ to the equity investors, by ensuring a more predictable outcome.

Hedging of a Stock doesn’t give more outcome, but it definitely gives a more predictable outcome.

What Are The Types Of The Risks Associated With Any Stock

While buying a stock every investor thinks and hopes that, it will move forward and there will be a hike in the stock price. But, nobody can make sure that the price hike is definite. There are certain risk factors, that may restrict the stock price, and push it down.

The stock price is always a function of many risk factors, which will decide its future. Some are specific to the particular stock and sector. And some are global. Market risk is considered as an external risk factor that will equally affect the entire industry. For example, currently the Diamond Industry, is facing such a type of Market Risk. Which is unavoidable by all the stocks of various companies that belong to this industry.

How To Hedge A Stock

Hedging is an art of ensuring the return of an equity investment apart from market risk. This is done by participating in the derivatives market, and execute exactly the opposite trade. That means, the trade which  opposite to the trade in equity segment. By doing so, one can ensure the return from either the equity /derivative market, as the two segments move in opposite directions. In this form, one can bypass the risk to those who are willing to bear it.

There are two types of derivative contracts, that help the investors to hedge their investments in the cash segment, that is equity. They are Futures and Options.

For example Mr. A holds 100 shares of a company XYZ. If the buy price is Rs. 10 per share, and the stock price is hovering around Rs 10 and Rs.12, for a month. Then Mr. A speculated the price movement towards negative direction. And, he decided to liquidate his holding predicting its future fall. But, his advisor and friend, Mr. B suggested him to hedge his holding  to ensure his future earnings at the cost of the premium to be paid to buy a contract in the derivatives segment. So, Mr. A postponed the idea of selling the shares at the current market price. And, decided to sell the stock at the expected Rs. 15 after 3 months.

Even though there are many contracts to hedge the stock value in derivative segment, the best one is the PUT Option, which he can utilize to sell his stock after 3 months and at the strike price.

Put Option gives the buyer to sell the stock  during a predetermined period and at the predetermined strike price, which is usually above the market price.

The cost of buying a Put Option increases with strike price. That means, higher the strike price, the higher the cost. So, it is always advisable to choose the strike price moderately to hedge the stock.  So, Mr. A chose to buy the 1 ATM Put of 100 shares with the 3 month expiration period.  He paid Rs. 100 towards premium and his strike price was Rs.11

As per his expectation the price of his stock fell to Rs.10. And, Mr.A exercised his option to Put his quantity of 100 shares at Rs. 11 each. The amount he received was Rs. 1100. So, the loss is only the amount that was paid towards commission while buying the stock. In India the Futures and Options, of all the listed stocks expire on the last Thursday of the contract month. If that Thursday is declared to be the holiday, the expiry day will be the preceding Wednesday.

If you like my article, leave your comment. I value your comments, and try to rectify my defaults.

Happy Investing!

 

Indiabulls Ventures | A Growth Stock

CMP: 27


Formerly known as Indiabulls Securities, Indiabulls Ventures is one of the group companies led by Indiabulls Private Limited.

‘Indiabulls’ is one of the India’s foremost diversified conglomerates with businesses spread over Real Estate, Financial Services, Securities and Power.

The company is currently active and performing well in the following sectors.

  • Equity/ Commodity/ Currency Broking
  • Marketing and Distribution of Residential Properties
  • Developing and Leasing of Commercial Properties

Bagging the highest quality grade BQ1 for its quality brokerage services, assigned by CRISIL, the company has a very loyal customer base. This is one of the indicative traits of a growth stock. Quality service assurance is a signal for its great future prospects. Currently the stock is available at its best to buy price. Just buy and hold for your future prospects.

Click here to check the Target Price of Indiabulls Ventures Ltd.

Indiabulls Ventures – Financial Ratio Analysis

Technical Analysis

 

CMP: Rs.27

Has tested the low of Rs. 20 levels, thrice. Has a clear indication that soon going towards the second highest level. Tested its 29 level for the first time since 6 months, currently trading at 27 levels, along with strong fundamentals, ‘Indiabulls Ventures’ is my pick for all the long-term investors, seeking exceptional growth rate.

Fundamental Analysis

 

Good dividend paying companies are ought to have good earnings. Have the capacity to earn and distribute the profits. A defined signal of its future growth.

The company has not paid any dividend since from the last payout of 25% interim. Can be considered as a positive sign towards its capital growth. In other words the company might have has employed the profits in its growth, expansion of the business or its service quality improvement. Fine sign of our capital growth.

Current P/E is 16.45. Before two quarters it might have been definitely less than this. Improvement in P/E along with other fundamentals is a clear sign of its future growth prospects.

With P/B of 2.5, the market is estimating its future prospects as positive and constant.

 

Return On Debt (ROD) | Its Impact On The Company Performance

‘Return On Debt’. Spells short. But it’s as important as any other financial ratio, and also tells a  lot about the financial health of a company. Especially when there are big number of debts that peeps out of the balance sheet. So easy to analyze, but difficult to manage, ROD ratio has its own impact on any company’s performance.


Let’s try to have a few important points – What it may otherwise indicate the impact of ROD on any company’s performance as well as on our returns.

What Is ‘ROD’ Or The ‘Return On Debt’ Ratio

The ROD is a financial ratio, that compares the company’s net earnings to its long-term debt.

‘Return On Debt’ = Net Earnings / Net Long Term Debt

Here, debt means either taken /issued by the company. And sometimes the both the cases. And this ‘long-term-debt’ is in various forms and in distinctive interest rates depending on the creditor or the issuer. Anyhow, what we need to calculate is the ratio of the net earnings of the company to its net debt.

This ratio shows the amount of net earnings that is generated, for each coin that a company holds in debt. And, this ROD can either be positive /negative.

A positive ROD has been always beneficial to the company. And, it indicates that some income is being generated by the debt issued /taken by the company. Where as a negative ROD is a threat.

We can locate the long term debt data on the balance sheet as well as the notes to financial statements. The information explains the amount of debt taken out /issued and the number of years related to it.

How Important Is ‘Return On Debt’ In Any Company’s Financial  Analysis

Mostly, the ratio of ‘ROD’ is not used in the simplest financial analysis. But, it’s an important calculation that needs to be performed, while evaluating company’s solvency. It is generally used by the owners of the company while making a decision on, which financing sources would be better for the company.

It’s common to carry a certain amount of debt by any company. But, the amount should be limited. The more the debt to its earnings level, the more the credit risk’ is.

Moreover, companies carrying a significant amount of debt related to capital and/or assets are more prone to economic downturns during a decline in earnings.